Under the FY 2005 omnibus appropriations bill, the Math and Science Partnership (MSP) program within the Department of Education grows by 19.8 percent, while the NSF's Math and Science Partnership program slashed by 43.0 percent. Appropriators did not agree with the Administration's request to focus the new Education Department MSP money on secondary math improvement, nor did they agree to move NSF's MSP program from the Education and Human Resources Activity to "Integrative Activities." Below are details from the omnibus appropriations bill (H.R. 4818), after taking into account the mandatory 0.8 percent across-the-board reduction:
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Mathematics and Science Partnerships: Up 19.8%, to $178.6 million.
This is an increase of $29.5 million from FY 2004 funding of $149.1 million. House appropriators recommended $269.1 million, while Senate appropriators recommended $200.0 million. The Administration's FY 2005 request called for $269.1 million, an 80.5 percent increase that would have been targeted toward secondary-school math improvement. Under the appropriations bill, the new funding is not fenced off for mathematics programs.
The appropriations bill's "joint explanatory statement" includes the following text on the Education Department's MSPs: "In light of the tremendous overlap in math and science goals and objectives between the math and science partnership program and the Advanced Placement (AP) initiatives, grantees are encouraged to incorporate AP training into their proposals. As in the math and science program, the AP professional development initiative focuses on increasing teachers' math and science content understanding to help them meet the highly qualified criteria required under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act as amended by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. The AP professional development initiative supports teachers' content development so that all students, regardless of whether or not they take AP, will receive rigorous, challenging math and science instruction. The AP math and science initiative has the primary objective of increasing the number of AP opportunities, AP participation rates, and post-secondary acceptance and success rates for disadvantaged students."
Also within the Education Department, $2,916.6 million is provided for Improving Teacher Quality State Grants. This is a decrease of 0.5 percent, or $13.5 million, from FY 2004 funding of $2,930.1 million.
NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
Mathematics and Science Partnerships: Down 43.0%, to $79.4 million.
This is a decrease of $59.8 million from FY 2004 funding of $139.2 million. House appropriators recommended $82.5 million, while Senate appropriators recommended $110.0 million. The Administration would have cut the funding to $80.0 million and moved it from NSF's Education and Human Resources Activity to "Integrative Activities" as a first step in eliminating the program. While program funding is still cut almost in half under the appropriations bill, it is retained in the Education and Human Resources Activity.
The following funding levels are specified for the other programs within NSF's Education and Human Resources Activity:
Down 0.7% or $0.7 million, from $94.4 million to $93.7 million.
Elementary, Secondary and Informal Education:
Down 14.3% or $30.3 million, from $212.3 million to $182.0 million.
Down 1.2% or $1.8 million, from $155.5 million to $153.7 million.
Down 0.8% or $1.3 million, from $156.0 million to $154.7 million.
Human Resource Development:
Up 2.2% or $2.6 million, from $115.9 million to $118.5 million.
Research, Evaluation and Communication:
Down 9.6% or $6.3 million, from $65.8 million to $59.5 million.
The full text of the omnibus appropriations bill and joint explanatory statement are available at http://thomas.loc.gov/home/approp/app05.html.