FY 2013 House Defense Appropriations Bill: Science and Technology Programs

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Publication date: 
26 June 2012
Number: 
92

Six  of the twelve FY 2013 appropriations bills will have been considered on the  House floor by the end of this week.  Awaiting  floor action, which may occur in late July, is H.R. 5856, the FY 2013  Department of Defense Appropriations Bill.   The full House Appropriations Committee passed this bill by voice vote,  and has issued House Report 112-493, a 356-page document containing funding and  policy recommendations. 

The  Senate Appropriations Committee has not acted on three of the twelve FY 2013  measures, including that for the Department of Defense.  None of the Senate bills has been considered  on the floor.

Figures  from the House Appropriations Committee report pertaining to Title V, Research,  Development, Test and Evaluation, starting on page 205 are below.  Note that the FY 2012 funding and FY 2013 administration  request figures are taken from a document prepared by the Office of the Under  Secretary of Defense (Comptroller). 

Total  6.1 Basic Research:

FY  2012 funding is $2,112.4 million     The  FY 2013 request is $2,116.9 million, an increase of $4.5 million or 0.2 percent     The  House bill provides $2,116.9 million, an increase of $4.5 million or 0.2  percent

Total  6.2 Applied Research:

FY  2012 funding is $4,739.3 million     The  FY 2013 request is $4,478.0 million, a decrease of $261.3 million or 5.5  percent     The  House bill provides $4,563.2 million, a decrease of $176.1 million or 3.7  percent

Total  6.3 Advanced Technology Development:

FY  2012 funding is $5,411.3 million     The  FY 2013 request is $5,266.3 million, a decrease of $145.0 million or 2.7  percent     The  House bill provides $5,529.8 million, an increase of $118.5 million or 2.2  percent

 

Total  Army 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3:

FY  2012 funding is $2,535.8 million     The  FY 2013 request is $2,209.5 million, a decrease of $326.3 million or 12.9  percent     The  House bill provides $2,295.9 million, a decrease of $239.9 million or 9.5  percent

Total  Navy 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3:

FY  2012 funding is $2,120.4 million     The  FY 2013 request is $1,979.7 million, a decrease of $140.7 million or 6.6  percent     The  House bill provides $2,063.4 million, a decrease of $57.0 million or 2.7  percent

Total  Air Force 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3:

FY  2012 funding is $2,435.7 million     The  FY 2013 request is $2,221.8 million, a decrease of $213.9 million or 8.8  percent     The  House bill provides $2,241.8 million, a decrease of $193.9 million or 8.0  percent

Total  Defense-Wide (i.e., DARPA) 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3:

FY  2012 funding is $5,171.2 million     The  FY 2013 request is $5,450.0 million, an increase of $278.8 million or 5.4  percent     The  House bill provides $5,608.8 million, an increase of $437.6 million or 8.5  percent

In  addition to the funding recommendations, the committee’s report contains the  following language regarding defense science and technology programs:

“STEM  EDUCATION

“The  Committee is concerned about the future of the Nation’s workforce, specifically  in the science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) disciplines. These  skills are vitally needed within the Department of Defense to maintain United  States military superiority.  While these  skills are underrepresented in the available workforce, minorities especially  are underrepresented in these skill sets both in the current workforce and at  university levels.

“The  Committee encourages the Department to support the development of STEM skill  sets, especially in undergraduate and graduate programs, and to focus on  increasing the participation and success of minority students through engaged  mentoring, enriched research experiences, and opportunities to publish,  present, and network. These factors, along with peer-to-peer mentoring, have been  demonstrated to be a successful model for minority education.” (Page 59)

“SYSTEMS  ENGINEERING

“The  Committee recognizes the importance of a strong systems engineering workforce  for the success of acquisition programs within the Department of Defense.  Studies indicate that early and sustained investment in systems engineering  reduces the likelihood of cost and schedule overruns in acquisition programs. .  . .

“The  Department conducts a wide range of Science, Technology, Engineering, and  Mathematics (STEM) outreach programs aimed at all education levels to encourage  students to pursue careers in these fields. Recruiting personnel with STEM  backgrounds would logically help improve the quality of the systems engineering  workforce.

“The  Committee urges the Secretary of Defense to establish a mechanism for  identifying and tracking personnel within the Department’s organic acquisition  workforce whom the Department recognizes as being qualified in the discipline  of systems engineering, on the basis of education, experience, and such other  factors as it may identify (such as prior performance). Additionally, the Committee  believes it would benefit the Department to track the effectiveness of its many  STEM outreach programs in an effort to determine if these programs are actually  resulting in an improved STEM (including systems engineers) workforce within  the Department.”       (Page  207)

“SCIENCE,  TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS EDUCATION

“The  Committee notes with increasing concern the underperformance of students in  science and math, and recognizes efforts being made at the Department to remedy  these concerns. The Committee recommends that the Department explore the  expansion of programs in science, technology, engineering and mathematics for grades  K through 12 that are comprehensive in nature, provide curriculum for in-school  and after-school programs, and promote an overall appreciation for the subject  matter.” (Page 254)

“EXPANDING  UNDERREPRESENTED MINORITY PARTICIPATION

“Consistent  with the National Academy of Sciences report ‘Expanding Underrepresented  Minority Participation: America’s Science and Technology Talent at the  Crossroads’, the Committee recognizes the importance of ensuring that there is  a strong pipeline of underrepresented minorities pursuing engineering, science,  and technology careers. The Committee commends public-private partnerships that  have come together to ensure scholarship support innovative ideas like  Academies of Engineering in high schools, and corporate partnership and  sponsorship of district, urban, and rural areas to build a minority pipeline in  key fields like engineering, which are needed for both national security and national  economic reasons and by virtually every federal science and technology agency.  The Committee encourages the Secretary of Defense to provide resources for  scholarships for minorities in engineering and to promote the collection of  research information on the status of minorities in engineering education and  employment.” (Page 254)