FY 2013 Request for Defense Science and Technology Programs

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Publication date: 
15 February 2012
Number: 
24

A  document provided by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy  entitled “Innovation for America’s Economy, America’s Energy, and American  Skills”  explains:

“The  2013 Budget invests in the Department of Defense’s (DOD) long-term scientific  and technological innovation to ensure that the Nation has access to the best  defense systems in the world. The Budget proposes $71.2 billion for DOD  R&D, a $1.5 billion decrease from the 2012 funding level, including $11.9  billion for early-stage science and technology programs (S&T).

“The  Budget proposes $2.8 billion for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency  (DARPA) for its support of longer-term breakthrough research. The 2013 Budget  sustains DOD’s basic research (“6.1”) with a record commitment of $2.1 billion  for research in high-priority areas such as cybersecurity, robotics, advanced learning,  information access, cleaner and more efficient energy, and biodefense. DOD-funded  research provides future affordable options for new defense systems and helps  the Nation avoid technological surprise by potential adversaries. The 2013  Budget expands DOD’s support of advanced manufacturing R&D by establishing  public-private partnerships in targeted technologies.”

Page  81 of the “Fiscal Year 2013 Budget of the U.S. Government”   states:

“Funds  Research and Development for the Military of the Future. The Administration will  continue its strong commitment to funding the Nation’s long-term scientific and  technical needs,  including those for national security. Accordingly, the Budget proposes $69.4  billion for research,  development, test, and evaluation, including $11.9 billion for early-stage  science and technology programs, focusing our efforts on those projects most  likely to enhance our capability       to  respond to new threats. The Budget invests in the Defense Advanced Research  Projects Agency and department-wide basic research slightly above the 2012  enacted levels. Such investments will allow the Nation to explore diverse  scientific principles and technological applications, including bio-defense,  cybersecurity, information access, and cleaner and more efficient energy use, robotics,  and advanced computing.

“Funding  in this area will also capitalize on the role that DOD plays in advanced  manufacturing by establishing a number of public-private partnerships in  targeted technologies to expedite their development and production. DOD-funded  research provides future options for new defense systems, helps the Nation  avoid a technological surprise by potential adversaries, results in cost  savings by solving technical problems early in the life cycle of acquisition programs,  and takes advantage of emerging technical opportunities. The funding proposed in  the Budget will be awarded through competitive processes, with experts guiding  the choices of research topics to be undertaken, and reviewing and selecting  projects for funding based on proposals submitted by universities, non-profit  organizations, for-profit companies, and Government laboratories.”

Defense  Budget Priorities and Choices”  provides further insight into the Defense Department’s perspective on science  and technology:

“The  Department believes that accelerating trends in both technology development and  a dynamic threat environment dictate that we must maintain our edge by protecting  our investments in development of future capabilities. As such, science and technology  programs are largely protected within this budget.”

The  Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) provides detailed  numbers, but no explanatory text, in a 180-page document entitled  “RDT&E Programs (R-1).”  The below figures are taken from this  document:

Total  6.1 Basic Research:

FY  2012 funding is $2,112.4 million     The  FY 2013 request is $2,116.9 million, an increase of $4.5 million or 0.2  percent

Total  6.2 Applied Research:

FY  2012 funding is $4,739.3 million     The  FY 2013 request is $4,478.0 million, a decrease of $261.3 million or 5.5  percent

Total  6.3 Advanced Technology Development:

FY  2012 funding is $5,411.3 million     The  FY 2013 request is $5,266.3 million, a decrease of $145.0 million or 2.7  percent

Total  Army 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3:

FY  2012 funding is $2,535.8 million     The  FY 2013 request is $2,209.5 million, a decrease of $326.3 million or 12.9  percent

Total  Navy 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3:

FY  2012 funding is $2,120.4 million     The  FY 2013 request is $1,979.7 million, a decrease of $140.7 million or 6.6  percent

Total  Air Force 6.1, 6.2, and 6.3:

FY  2012 funding is $2,435.7 million     The  FY 2013 request is $2,221.8 million, a decrease of $213.9 million or 8.8 percent

Total  Defense-Wide (i.e., DARPA)  6.1, 6.2, and  6.3:

FY  2012 funding is $5,171.2 million     The  FY 2013 request is $5,450.0 million, an increase of $278.8 million or 5.4  percent

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