Recent NSF Activity on Merit Review

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Publication date: 
26 June 2012
Number: 
91

National Science Foundation Convenes Merit Review Summit:

On May 14 and 15, 2012, the primary science-funding agencies  from nearly 50 countries gathered at the National Science Foundation (NSF) in  Arlington, VA to form a Global Research Council to develop best practices for  collaboration and to compose a common set of merit-review principles.  The agencies ended their meeting having  agreed on six principles “which assert  the essential value of expert assessment, transparency, impartiality,  appropriateness, confidentiality and integrity and ethics.”  These principles “are critical to putting the global research enterprise on a shared  foundation that will not only enhance the quality of science but also bolster  public trust in that science.”

John Holdren, Assistant to the President for Science and  Technology and Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology  Policy, and Subra Suresh, Director of the National Science Foundation, noted in  the May 14 Office of Science and Technology Policy blog post, that “international collaboration poses unique  challenges.  Among the most important is  the uneven commitment among nations to the highest standards of ‘merit review’  – the gold-standard practice by which research proposals are judged by  researchers’ peers to determine in a fair and evidence-based manner whether  those proposals are worthy.  Without  merit review, science funding is ever at risk of falling prey to social biases  or political agendas.  Experts simply  can’t be beat when it comes to assessing the likelihood that a proposed  experiment will deliver the intellectual and material goods it promises.” 

While merit review is not a uniquely American practice, it  is one that the NSF strictly adheres to.   Holdren and Suresh responded as to why Americans should care if other  nations commit to the principles of merit review: 

“For one, US  researchers competing for global funds risk losing their fair share if other  governments do not ensure merit-based review of US proposals.  For another, US collaborators are put at risk  if their partners are not committed to ethical standards and scientific  integrity.  And US economic interests can  be seriously harmed by colleagues or competitors who do not respect  confidentiality and intellectual property.”

The Global Summit on Merit  Review produced principles for scientific merit review, which can be read here

The next Global Research Council merit review summit will be  hosted by Brazil and Germany in 2013. 

NSF releases its Report to the National Science Board on  NSF’s Merit Review Process

The annual NSF report to the National  Science Board includes information on the merit review criteria, a description  of the merit review process, transformative research, methods for external  review, impacts of budget constraints, and reviewer proposal ratings.  Also in this report is information and data  on proposals and awards. 

Highlighted in the report are the 51,562 proposals received  by NSF in FY 2011.  “This is a decrease of about 7% from the number of proposals received  in FY 2010, but an increase of over 61% from the number of proposals received  in FY 2001.  The Foundation made 11,192  awards in 2011, resulting in a 22% funding rate…. The Foundation exceeded its  ‘time to decision’ goal of informing at least 70% of Principal Investigators (PIs)  of funding decisions within six months of receipt of their proposals.”

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