Reports, reviews, and assessments

 
15 Nov 1993

Earlier this fall, Vice President Gore released the report of his
National Performance Review, entitled, "From Red Tape to Results:
Creating a Government That Works Better and Costs Less."  While the
report covers all areas and agencies of the government, it suggests
two major actions of consequence for the science community.  One
puts more teeth into the interagency process for coordinating
science and technology policy, the other deals with the Cold War
legacy of the Department of Energy.  Selected portions of the
report are quoted below: 

 
4 Nov 1993

The Commerce, Justice and State Appropriations bill, H.R. 2519, was
signed into law by President Clinton on October 27.  This bill
contains fiscal year 1994 funding for the National Institute of
Standards and Technology (NIST), an agency of the Department of
Commerce.  NIST was favored with an increase of 35 percent over its
1993 budget.  While not quite the astronomical 39.4 percent growth
requested by the Clinton Administration, it is a very significant
increase from a Congress that is looking hard for programs to cut.

 
2 Nov 1993

In addition to the Superconducting Super Collider and fusion energy
programs reported on in previous FYIs, the conference committee
report for the Energy and Water Development Appropriations bill
appropriated the following amounts and made the below
recommendations for physics-related research programs:

Under the budget category of "Energy Research" is a category
entitled "Basic Energy Sciences."  Under this heading, MATERIALS
SCIENCES received $276,985,000, the full administration request.

 
2 Nov 1993

The Energy and Water Development Appropriations bill, H.R. 2445,
which provides funding for DOE programs and sealed the fate of the
SSC, was signed into law by President Clinton on October 28.  While
previous FYIs tracked the SSC's demise, this and the following FYI
will provide details on fiscal year 1994 funding for other DOE
physics-related research programs.

Below are selected portions of the House-Senate conference report
language pertaining to fusion.

MAGNETIC FUSION:

 
27 Oct 1993

It took about two hours late last week for the conference committee
to approve the language terminating the Superconducting Super
Collider.  The following are the instructions Congress is giving to
"orderly terminate" the SSC:

"...$640,000,000 to remain available until expended, to be used
only to orderly terminate the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC)
project under terms and conditions as follows:

 
29 Sep 1993

Accompanying the bill, H.R. 2445, the Energy and Water Development
Appropriations bill for fiscal year 1994, is a report from the
Senate Appropriations Committee.  Senate Report 103-147 contains
committee recommendations for various DOE programs.  While not
having the force of law, these recommendations are generally
adhered to by a department or agency.  Final report language and
funding levels are determined by a conference committee composed of
members from the House and Senate Appropriations Committees.

 
29 Sep 1993

Accompanying the bill, H.R. 2445, the Energy and Water Development
Appropriations bill for fiscal year 1994, is a report from the
Senate Appropriations Committee.  Senate Report 103-147 contains
committee recommendations for various Department of Energy
programs.  While not having the force of law, these recommendations
are generally adhered to by a department or agency.  Final report
language and funding levels are determined by a conference
committee composed of members from the House and Senate

 
9 Aug 1993

Today is the first day of a four-week vacation for the House and
Senate.  They will return to work on September 7 with only four
weeks to complete action on a number of key science funding bills.
Fiscal year 1994 begins on October 1.  The status of this
legislation is as follows:

Department of Energy:

 
6 Jul 1993

As most followers of science policy are aware, the principles by
which the federal government has supported science and technology
for the last 50 years have recently been called into question.  In
the light of changes in the world, such as the fall of the Soviet
Empire, the rise of global economic competition, and the looming
budget deficit, the linear model of pouring money into basic
research and subsequently reaping technological advances no longer
seems adequate.

 
4 Jun 1993

In response to a March 5 request from Sen. John Warner
(R-Virginia), the General Accounting Office (GAO) has produced yet
another report on the Superconducting Super Collider.  Entitled
"Super Collider - National Security Benefits, Similar Projects, and
Cost," the 20-page document responds to Warner's queries about the
SSC's total cost, its uniqueness, and any potential benefits to
national security.  Since the project began, the GAO has issued
numerous reports warning of increasing costs.  The current report,

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