The Key Players: Select Science-Related Congressional Committees (II)

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Publication date: 
19 May 1995
Number: 
71

Over the next five months, committees in the House and Senate will
draft legislation of major importance to the physics and astronomy
community.  This FYI and FYI #70 provide a brief background on the
two kinds of bills to watch, and list the key players in this
process.

APPROPRIATIONS BILLS

Appropriations bills provide the money for a program or agency.
They must be passed every year.  In theory as well as practice,
every federal department or agency must have an appropriations bill
to provide its funding.

Appropriations committees are extremely powerful, since they
control the federal purse strings.  There are thirteen
appropriations subcommittees in both the House and Senate.  The
chairmen of the House appropriations subcommittees are so powerful
that they are often referred to as "the College of Cardinals."
Appropriations bills start in the House, usually with hearings that
examine the president's budget request.  Appropriations bills are
written by the subcommittee, approved by the full committee, and
then sent to the floor where they may be modified.  The process
repeats itself in the Senate, followed by a conference to reconcile
differences between the two bills.  The final legislation will be
voted on again by each chamber before it is sent to the president
for approval or veto.

Appropriations bills must be passed by the start of the new fiscal
year on October 1.  Without passage, the department or agency shuts
down unless a stopgap funding bill called a continuing resolution
is passed.

Committees which draft physics and astronomy-related appropriations
bills include:

SENATE VA, HUD, AND INDEPENDENT AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS
SUBCOMMITTEE
SD-131 Dirksen Senate Office Building, Washington, DC  20510
(202) 224-7211
Chairman, Christopher S. Bond (R-Missouri)
Ranking Democratic Member, Barbara A. Mikulski (D-Maryland)
Jurisdiction: National Science Foundation, NASA

HOUSE VA, HUD, AND INDEPENDENT AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE
H-143 Capitol, Washington, DC 20515
(202) 225-3241
Chairman, Jerry Lewis (R-California)
Ranking Democratic Member, Louis Stokes (D-Ohio)
Jurisdiction: National Science Foundation, NASA

SENATE ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT APPROPRIATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE
SD-131 Dirksen Senate Office Building, Washington, DC 20510
(202) 224-7260
Chairman, Pete V. Domenici (R-New Mexico)
Ranking Democratic Member, J. Bennett Johnston (D-Louisiana)
Jurisdiction: Department of Energy
                                                       
HOUSE ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT APPROPRIATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE
2362 Rayburn House Office Building, Washington, DC 20515
(202) 225-3421
Chairman, John T. Myers (R-Indiana)
Ranking Democratic Member, Tom Bevill (D-Alabama)
Jurisdiction: Department of Energy

SENATE DEFENSE APPROPRIATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE
SD-122 Dirksen Senate Office Building, Washington, DC  20510
(202) 224-7255
Chairman, Ted Stevens (R-Alaska)
Ranking Democratic Member, Daniel K. Inouye (D-Hawaii)
Jurisdiction: Department of Defense

HOUSE NATIONAL SECURITY APPROPRIATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE
H-148 Capitol Building, Washington, DC  20515
(202) 225-2847
Chairman, C.W. Bill Young (R-Florida)
Ranking Democratic Member, John P. Murtha (D-Pennsylvania)
Jurisdiction: Department of Defense

SENATE COMMERCE, JUSTICE, STATE AND JUDICIARY APPROPRIATIONS
SUBCOMMITTEE
S-146A Capitol Building, Washington, D.C.  20510
(202) 224-7277
Chairman, Phil Gramm (R-Texas)
Ranking Democratic Member, Ernest F. Hollings (D-South Carolina)
Jurisdiction: Department of Commerce (NIST)

HOUSE COMMERCE, JUSTICE, STATE AND JUDICIARY APPROPRIATIONS
SUBCOMMITTEE
H-309 Capitol Building, Washington, D.C.  20515
(202) 225-3351
Chairman, Harold Rogers (R-Kentucky)
Ranking Democratic Member, Alan B. Mollohan (D-West Virginia)
Jurisdiction: Department of Commerce (NIST)

FYIs #62 and 63 provide guidance on communicating with Members of
Congress.