FYI Archive

23 Nov 1993

Indicative of the great interest there is in the early December
shuttle flight to repair the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) was a
November 16 hearing of the House Subcommittee on Space.  As one of
NASA's planned great observatories, HST is seen, in the words of
subcommittee chairman Ralph M. Hall (D-Texas), as "a project that
became a symbol of a troubled space program." It is clear from the
hearing that the upcoming mission has the potential to renew
congressional optimism about NASA, with the reverse being equally

18 Nov 1993

Little noticed during the last few weeks because of yesterday's
NAFTA vote is an upcoming House vote on a deficit-cutting bill that
would have significant impacts on federal science funding and
policies.  If passed, this legislation would, among other changes,
create a new Department of Science, cut fusion energy funding, and
reduce university R&D overhead rates.

15 Nov 1993

Senator Jay Rockefeller's (D-West Virginia) first year as chairman
of the Senate Subcommittee on Science, Technology and Space is
coming to an end.  As the replacement for now Vice President Al
Gore, Rockefeller has become one of the Senate's chief players in
the formation of science and technology policy.

15 Nov 1993

Earlier this fall, Vice President Gore released the report of his
National Performance Review, entitled, "From Red Tape to Results:
Creating a Government That Works Better and Costs Less."  While the
report covers all areas and agencies of the government, it suggests
two major actions of consequence for the science community.  One
puts more teeth into the interagency process for coordinating
science and technology policy, the other deals with the Cold War
legacy of the Department of Energy.  Selected portions of the
report are quoted below: 

12 Nov 1993

On October 28, the House Subcommittee on Science tackled what one
congressman described as "one of the thorniest issues in science
policy" -- the relationship between foreign corporations and
American research universities.  The two-hour hearing probably
raised more questions than it answered.

11 Nov 1993

The anxiously-awaited plans for a joint U.S.-Russian space station
were revealed by the Clinton Administration last week.  Informally
called "Ralpha," the joint station would link the U.S.-led space
station "Alpha" with an upgraded Russian station.  The Clinton
proposal lays out a three-phase strategy for U.S.-Russian
cooperation in space, culminating in a "world" space station effort
involving the U.S., Russia, Japan, Canada, and Europe.  The plan is
described in an addendum to the "Program Implementation Plan" for

10 Nov 1993

The November 3 confirmation hearing of Martha Krebs to be Director
of the Department of Energy's Office of Energy Research gave
Senator J. Bennett Johnston (D-Louisiana) an opportunity to express
some of his concerns about the future of the department's science
program.  Clearly upset about the recent decision to terminate the
SSC, Johnston warned that other DOE science programs could be

4 Nov 1993

The Commerce, Justice and State Appropriations bill, H.R. 2519, was
signed into law by President Clinton on October 27.  This bill
contains fiscal year 1994 funding for the National Institute of
Standards and Technology (NIST), an agency of the Department of
Commerce.  NIST was favored with an increase of 35 percent over its
1993 budget.  While not quite the astronomical 39.4 percent growth
requested by the Clinton Administration, it is a very significant
increase from a Congress that is looking hard for programs to cut.

2 Nov 1993

In addition to the Superconducting Super Collider and fusion energy
programs reported on in previous FYIs, the conference committee
report for the Energy and Water Development Appropriations bill
appropriated the following amounts and made the below
recommendations for physics-related research programs:

Under the budget category of "Energy Research" is a category
entitled "Basic Energy Sciences."  Under this heading, MATERIALS
SCIENCES received $276,985,000, the full administration request.

2 Nov 1993

The Energy and Water Development Appropriations bill, H.R. 2445,
which provides funding for DOE programs and sealed the fate of the
SSC, was signed into law by President Clinton on October 28.  While
previous FYIs tracked the SSC's demise, this and the following FYI
will provide details on fiscal year 1994 funding for other DOE
physics-related research programs.

Below are selected portions of the House-Senate conference report
language pertaining to fusion.



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