Gender disparities in career advancement vary by country

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4 January 2016

Chart - gender disparitiesThe Global Survey of Physicists was conducted in collaboration with IUPAP during 2009–2010. The questionnaire was made available in eight languages to broaden participation. About 15,000 people from more than 130 countries answered the survey. Results examining differences between men and women in very highly developed and other countries were first available in Physics Today.

We recently published a feature article in a special issue of Physics in Canada focusing on women in physics in which we examined differences between men and women in physics at the country level. Our analysis included countries with at least 30 women respondents who were not students; these were Argentina, Canada, China, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Spain, and the United States. We found significant differences in the allocation of career-advancing resources and opportunities in almost every country. We also found differences between men and women in the relationship between work and family.